The Egyptian Alliance for Human Rights and Development
The Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue
The Final Statement of the First Day of the Second Stage
Participating in Managing the Public Affair is being established within A Massed Electoral Scene
On Saturday, 7th November 2020, Egypt witnessed the startup of public voting for the first round in the governorates of the second stage to contribute to forming the parliament of 2020. The voting is in 13 governorates and consists of 72 individual-seat constituencies to vote for 141 candidates in addition to two closed-lists constituencies for 142 members with a total of 283 candidates.
With the startup of the direct voting process, it was evident that the electoral scene has been affected with many phenomena which can be summed up as follows:
Firstly: the executive authority is keen on facilitating all measures to help citizens to participate in the elections. This is evident as the president Abd El Fattah Al Sisi insisted on voting within the first 30 minutes of the opening of the voting committees which coincided with many official figures who were keen on voting such as His Holiness Pope Tawadros II, Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, the Major General Khaled Abd El Aal governor of Cairo, Dr. Ashraf Sobhy the minister of youth, Mr. Sameh Shokry the minister of foreign affairs, Dr. Nieven Gamaa the minister of industry and Dr. Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa the minister of endowment in a systematic message to enhance the citizens’ desires to participate and to reassure the protection measures and regulations in front of voting committees.
Secondly: the electoral scene has been affected by results of the first round of the first stage which resulted in determining 32 seats and accessing 110 seats in the run-off to compete by 86 independent candidates and 134 party candidates; the matter which makes the promotion situation so much related to using this status and benefiting from it in guaranteeing win of voters’ vote according to which is monitored in many constituencies.
Thirdly: the voting committees witnessed public turnout as they are keen on participation within the first moments of opening voting committees which is a completion of the first stage which witnessed an attendance ratio of 28.06% which may be because of the candidates’ nature and the success of promotion campaigns on social media websites and attracting voting categories which suffered from traditional reluctance such as youth; the matter which was monitored by many committees such as committee 113 in Nabwia Mosa school in 15th May city and the committees 15 and 16 in Al Shaheed Ali Shawky secondary school in Al Maadi in addition to schools of New Cairo and Al Rehab in Al Tagamooa Al Khamis constituency.
Fourthly: the phenomenon of delaying of opening voting committees for a period from 15 to 45 minutes is continued as a part of the electoral scene in the first day with the justifications of faraway committees or it is hard for judges to reach their actual committees. This is what was observed by the alliance’s observers in many cases such as committee no. 82 in Al Mo’taz School/ Nasr City constituency, committee no. 138 Ali Abn Abi Talab secondary School/ Helwan constituency, committee no. 135 at Grege Village/ Ashmoon Al Monofia constituency, committees no. 62 and 63 in Al Kawati Azhari Institute in Kafr El Sheikh and the committees of Saraya EL Koba Secondary School in Al Zatoon constituency in Cairo.
Fifthly: the phenomenon of continued electoral promotion was there in front of some committees in some constituencies of Al Sahel, Al Zatoon and Nasr City in Cairo and Al Mahala Al Kobra in Al Gharbia and Shobra 2 in Al Qalubia which pushed a number of candidates to submit complaints to the National Election Commission and a number of elections’ following up and observation coalitions.
In fact, the national electoral scene along with its positives and regulations organized by rules and general behaviors of judges and supervisors of the elections was slightly affected by the practices of some candidates who insisted on lack of commitment to the decisions of the National Election Commission in regard to organizing the voting process.