Aug 18, 2022
As part of a series of papers on sustainable development and green transformation to mitigate climate change, the Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue issued a policy paper entitled “Egypt’s Exploitation of its Components in Renewable Energy Sources in the National Green Hydrogen Strategy: Opportunities and Challenges”, which came within the framework of the Egyptian state’s orientation to form a ministerial committee to design the national strategy for green hydrogen, reflecting theimportance of the Interest in the advantages of green hydrogen as a zero-carbon fuel source, especially in light of Egypt’s abundance of renewable energy sources and its possession, which qualifies it to achieve progress in green hydrogen projects.
The paper reviewed what green hydrogen is and the distinction between it and the rest of the types of hydrogen, and the paper reviewed in detail the advantages and benefits of green hydrogen in the charging of electric vehicles, the operation of factories and for domestic purposes. The challenges facing the localization of green hydrogen such as (flammability – lack of infrastructure for transporting hydrogen – difficulty in the cost of producing it from renewable sources – difficulty in shipping – inability to compete economically compared to gray and blue hydrogen) were not overlooked.
The paper pointed to Egypt’s opportunities in generating green hydrogen and the resulting returns from strengthening Egypt’s position regionally, politically and economically as a center for renewable energy, increasing the rate of national income, creating green jobs, raising energy efficiency, improving the agricultural sector specifically in terms of fertilizers used, and the role of green hydrogen in attracting foreign investment. The paper presented some of the distinguished international experiences in this regard to guide and benefit from them (the American, European and Mauritanian experience).
In the framework of designing a national strategy for green hydrogen, the paper highlighted the US and European strategy in green hydrogen and how it can be utilized to design a robust strategy.
Thepaper concluded with a number of recommendations in this regard, the most important of which are:
• In drawing up the green hydrogen strategy, it is necessary to take into account the involvement and stimulation of the private sector in the policies of transformation to green hydrogen in order to invest in it in the field of factory operation.
• The Egyptian government should build and provide several charging stations for green hydrogen only and distribute them in different areas, to encourage green vehicles and encourage consumers to turn to green hydrogen fuel.
• The Egyptian government should review and benefit from prominent international experiences to avoid ignoring any element that might hinder the formulation of the strategy.
• A huge budget should be allocated for the development of scientific research and national research centers to encourage researchers to find alternative policies and solutions to all the challenges of green hydrogen.
• It is necessary to strengthen international partnerships and take advantage of Egypt’s attractive renewable energy assets to ensure access to financing and to ensure the benefit of foreign expertise.
• The government should plan to form an economic forum on renewable energy, including green hydrogen, to strengthen Egypt’s economic, geostrategic and security position.
• Civil society institutions should be involved in the role of raising awareness about what green hydrogen is, how it is produced and its benefits so that it is not reprehensible to citizens, and they are mobilized in relation to the strategy and not against it.
The Egyptian strategy on green hydrogen should be promoted in an orderly manner to attract all possible investments to finance green hydrogen projects, and to crystallize Egypt’s leading role in the commitment to reduce global warming rates and achieve sustainable development.