Wednesday, July 8, 2020
The Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue organization issued today an introductory paper on the tasks and formation of the Senate under the title “Second Chamber”, which was prepared by researcher Abdel Nasser Qandil, director of the Egyptian Group for Parliamentary Studies, researcher and news of systems and legislation.
The paper initially addressed the rules of the electoral system in the Egyptian Constitution 2014
The paper explained that the constitutional text on the composition and nature of the electoral system of the Senate under article (250) is almost shallow in its technical details in the hands of the legislator when drafting the law to impose what corresponds to his vision and objectives without any constitutional restrictions that control the text or specify the objectives and objectives behind it.
The paper then showed the definition of the National Electoral Commission established under the text of article (208) of the 2014 Constitution, and then clarified the formation of the Board of Directors of the Authority under the text of article (209) of the Constitution, which stipulates that the formation of the Board of Directors of the Authority shall be of (ten) members of the judiciary, entities and judicial bodies in Egypt and be selected (without interference from the executive branch) as well as required to have a permanent executive body.
The paper then explained the formation of the Board of Directors and the executive branch and its terms of reference under the text of the Law of the Authority No. (198) of 2017, which stipulates that the Authority has to express opinion in the bills related to referendums and presidential, parliamentary and local elections.
It also clarified the terms of reference of the Senate following the text of article (248) of the Constitution, which stated that the Council is specialized in studying and proposing what it sees as a guarantee of establishing democracy, supporting social peace, the fundamental components of society, the value of the supreme, rights, freedoms and public duties, deepening the democratic system and expanding its areas.
The paper also provided for the formation of the Senate under the text of Article (250) of the Constitution and Article (1) of the Senate Act, which stipulated that the Senate must form (300) members and elect (two thirds) of its members (200) by direct secret universal suffrage and appoint the President of the Republic (one third) the rest (100) with at least (10%) allocated to women of the total number of seats).
The paper explained how seats were distributed between the individual and existing systems, as well as the division of electoral districts and the controls for the formation of electoral lists under the text of article 4 of the Law.
The paper concluded with the appointment controls in the Senate, where the President of the Republic appoints (one third) of the 100 members of the Council after the announcement of the election result and before the beginning of the role of the D-100, taking into account several controls mentioned in the paper