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Ways of Social Protection and Economic Support For Small Farmers affected by COVID-19 Pandemic and Bad Weather in Egypt

The total numbers of employees and workers in agriculture sector are about 6.478 million representing about 25.6% from total of manpower. A research about manpower conducted by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics in the third quarter of 2017 revealed that the agricultural activity is one of the most important economic activities which attracted the largest ratios labor market seekers since this sector has attracted about more 312.000 workers during the third quarter than the second quarter of 2017. According to production aspects and processing prices in 2016/2017, the agricultural sector contribute with about 354.9 billion EGP compared to 318.8 billion EGP in 2015/2016 while 40 years ago the agricultural sector represented about 35 to 40% of the total of gross national product of Egypt and the granted support for peasants and farmers in 2016/2017 reached about 4712.5 million EGP. However, agricultural sector did not have or enjoy the incentives announced by the cabinet to support the Egyptian economy to face the negative consequences of COVID-19 despite the big losses of this sector because of climate changes and stopping exports.

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