Wednesday, September 30, 2020
The Forum for Development and Human Rights foundation on Wednesday released a study entitled “Turkey and Armenians, A History of Blood.”
According to the study, the renewed chronic conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh opens up once again the file of ethnic conflicts fueled by national intransigence, particularly the historical conflict between the Armenians and Turks, and geopolitical rivalries involving not only Armenians and Azerbaijanis but also Turks and Russians, the threat to civilian lives, widespread human rights violations and the feeding of cross-border terrorism to the conflict situation between the two rival parties to the disputed territory.
The study discussed several topics, the most important of which were:
- Armenian massacres
The study drew attention to the fact that most of the countries of the Al-Al recently acknowledged the massacres of Armenians at the hands of the ottoman empire, which killed more than one million Armenians at the hands of the Ottomans, who face international condemnation and widespread anger, because of these massacres, which were recorded as one of the worst crimes against humanity.
In the Treaty of Berlin, Armenians obtained what was known as Article 61, which required the Ottoman Empire to carry out reforms in the Armenian states with notification of the major powers, and the term internationalization of the Armenian issue appeared for the first time here.
- Turkey exports terrorism to the region
According to the study, Armenia accuses the Turkish state of exporting terrorists to the battlefield and drew attention to what Armenian ambassador to Russia Vardan Toganian confirmed that Turkey sent about4,000 fighters from northern Syria to Azerbaijan, amid ongoing fighting in the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh, and that the fighters are taking part in internal battles in the village of Bach.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the first batch of Syrian fighters, mostly members of the Sultan Murad and Al-Amshat factions, have already arrived in Azerbaijan to fight against Armenia.
The study also drew attention to the fact that Turkey has been recruiting Syrians to fight against Armenia in the disputed Nagorno Karapak region between Armenia and its neighbor Azerbaijan, an ally of Turkey.
- New Ottoman
The study showed that Turkey and the Erdogan regime are trying to revive the ancient Ottoman caliphate in a new dress in which it uses its geographical proximity to the South Caucasus, and exerts a religious influence on Azerbaijan, through cultural and educational activities associated with the extensions of the international organization of the Terrorist Muslim Brotherhood and its elements scattered in that region and supported by Ankara.
It also explained that Turkey’s ruling regime continued to be hostile to Armenia, which escalated with international recognition of the massacres committed by the Ottomans against Armenians in 1915.
The extent of Turkish hostility to Armenia is evident because of the latter’s commitment to adopting the Armenian genocide case at the hands of the Ottomans and its demand that Turkey recognizes the crime of genocide.
- · Human Rights Tool
In this regard, the study made it clear that Turkey’s violation of Article 19 of annex I to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949, on the protection of victims of international armed conflicts, neutral states and other non-parties to the conflict, which provides for the protection of civilians in conflict zones as well as article 3, common to the four Geneva Conventions linked to cases of international armed conflict.
According to the study, this is not the first time that Turkey has violated international humanitarian law and threatened the state of international peace by igniting the military position in its vicinity by intervening to support one party at the expense of another party and the transfer of fighters and militants, which increases the humanitarian cost and increases the humanitarian cost and the victimization of civilians in the disputed areas.
The study showed that there are many concerns that Turkey will resort to sending Syrian children to combat zones in Nagorno Karbach province in particular and that there are information and warnings that Turkey will use Syrian children to fight under the age of
18 and send them to fight in Libya and may have resorted to them in support of the Azerbaijani army.
According to the study, Armenia had submitted an urgent request to the European Court of Human Rights to take measures against Azerbaijan, while fighting was continuing in the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region, and the request had been made to the European Court of Human Rights of the Council of Europe, based in Strasbourg (eastern France), under article 39 of its system, which allowed emergency measures to be taken in the absence of an imminent risk of irreparable damage.