The Observatory for Terrorism and Human Rights at the Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue Condemns Terrorist Attacks on Security Checkpoints in North Sinai and Calls on the United Nations to Declare the Muslim Brotherhood a Terrorist Organization

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Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Press statement

The Observatory for Terrorism and Human Rights at the Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue condemned the attack by terrorist elements on one of the security establishments in north Sinai and planted explosive devices in the way of law enforcement forces, resulting in the death of members of the Egyptian armed forces.
The Forum called on the UN and the anti-terrorism rapporteur to declare the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist group for being behind all the terrorist operations that have taken place in Egypt since the overthrow of its rule by the Egyptian people in the Revolution of June 30, 2013.   
The Forum has confirmed the responsibility of the terrorist group for terrorist incidents in Egypt and Sinai in particular since 2013, the Muslim Brotherhood has been listed by Egypt and other countries as a terrorist organization. The Brotherhood disavows its responsibility of the attacks as the perpetrators use different names despite its members recognizing the Brotherhood’s leadership of these organizations and supervising their fugitive leadership in carrying them out, which represents a direct violation of the group of agreements adopted by the International Bill of Human Rights, first and foremost the right to life, terrorist operations target human life, whether by indiscriminate or deliberate operations targeting civilians, which is the characteristic of terrorism in general or as a result of mass killings carried out by terrorist and takfir groups against the background of various laws.

The Observatory said that the Muslim Brotherhood, which is classified as a terrorist organization in  many countries, including  Egypt, is the reference group for all violent terrorist organizations in the Middle East and the world,  which adopts a speech that incites violence,  racism and the exclusion of women and the religious one, yet enjoys the support and sponsorship of countries that adopt that approach, namely, Qatar and Turkey,  which are home to the leaders and elements of the group wanted by the Egyptian judiciary for terrorist crimes that have caused  civilian casualties.

The Observatory carried out monitoring and auditing of many terrorist operations carried out by members of that group under different names so that it would be easier for the parent group to disavow its bloody consequences against the Egyptian people.

The first armed movement of the Brotherhood, which declared itself in December 2013, was Yellow Black Rabaawi when it set fire to the building of the Mobilization and Recruitment Department and the Helmyet al-Zaytoun Park, which belongs to the armed forces, by throwing Molotov cocktails into it.

Then the Organization of Agnad Masr, which carried out a series of bombings, appeared in front of the Cairo Security Directorate, in front of the Research Metro station in Dukqi, and in the vicinity of the Talibiya police station in al-Haram, in addition to targeting a security patrol in Al-Haram Street.
Then the confrontations developed with the emergence of Ansar al-Sharia brigades in the land of Kananeh.

At the hands of a group of takfiri students, Madin Ibrahim Hassanein, a member of the group “Takfir and Hijra” founded by Shukri Mustafa, and the approach of Sayyid Qutb in the case of governance and atonement, and was among the fugitives with the leaders of the Brotherhood from Wadi Natroun prison in 2011, and went to Sinai, from there to the Gaza Strip and then to Turkey, and then to Syria, under the name of “Osood Al-Sharqiya“, and then returned to Egypt under the Brotherhood, and recruited young people, and sent them to Syria.

One of the most prominent students of Madin Ibrahim, the founders of Ansar al-Sharia, Syed Atta, who agreed with takfiri Mohammed Abdel Rahim, following the fall of the Brotherhood’s rule in Egypt, on June 30, 2013, to establish a group affiliated with Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, under the name of ansar al-Sharia, in order to mislead the security services.

It was also agreed to include supporters of Sheikh Hazem Abu Ismail’s Hazim movement “Al-Hazemon” in the list of terrorist organizations in an attempt to root out armed takfiri action against Egyptian security services and civilians.

The organization included two of the most dangerous takfiri elements that carried out many armed terrorist operations against the Egyptian police forces, namely Ahmed Abdel Rahman, a student at the Faculty of Religious Principles at Al-Azhar University, a student of Sheikh Madin Ibrahim, and a member of takfiri organizations in Sinai.

The second is Ammar al-Shahat Abu Sabha, born in 1993, from the village of Mutawah center Hahia, his father is a leader of the Egyptian Jihad organization, and was sentenced to 15 years in prison, and released in 2010, after approving intellectual reviews of armed takfiri organizations. The
group also included Yasser Khudhair, a member of the Group “Ansar Beit al-Maqdis” in Sinai, and an expert in the manufacture and installation of explosives and explosive devices, who left the Brotherhood, and joined the Salafist call led by Yasser Barhami, including a member of the Salafist jihadist movement, and after the dismantling of ansar al-Sharia, joined the organization “Agnad Egypt”, only to be arrested in late 2014.

The group carried out assassinations of a number of police and armed forces service members near their place of residence.

After the security forces succeeded in reaching and arresting the members and leaders of these organizations, the group formed two terrorist groups, the Revolutionary Punishment and the Brigade of the Revolution, and announced

The first terrorist operations in the attack on the “Egizy” checkpoint in Sadat city of Manufiya, which killed two policemen and injured 3 others and 2 civilians, in an operation described by the movement at the time as a “raid”.

The group also claimed responsibility for the assassination of Colonel Adel Rajai, commander of the 9th Armored Division, in front of his home.

After the arrest, members of the movement admitted to working for the Brotherhood and received their assignments from the group’s leaders hiding abroad.

After the killing of Mohamed Kamal in October 2016, the supervisor of the Brotherhood’s specialized committees, who was tasked with forming armed violence groups within the group and spreading chaos in Egypt, the group issued a statement announcing its intention to carry out violence against state institutions in retaliation for his death.

On August 5, 2016, the movement claimed responsibility for the assassination attempt on Dr. Ali Jumaa, the former Grand Mufti of the Republic, as he went to perform Friday prayers, next to his residence in the city of October 6th, and the movement explained at the time – in a statement – that Jumaa was targeted at 12:05 p.m. by an ambush prepared for him and his crew, resulting in the injury of his bodyguard.

After the security forces succeeded in reaching these elements, the group formed a new organization under the name Hassem, which claimed the assassination attempt on Assistant Attorney General Zakaria Abdulaziz in the first settelment with a car bomb, which exploded near his home targeting his convoy minutes after passing by.

In January 2017, the group claimed responsibility for a small blast targeting the Myanmar embassy in Cairo, saying the blast was revenge for the Myanmar army’s crackdown on Rohingya Muslims.

The Movement was also involved in planning and carrying out the burning of President Abdel-Al-Fattah. Sisi’s 2014 election campaign headquarters in Khanka, and the 2017 assassination of national security officer Captain Ibrahim al-Azzazi.

Members of the armed organization also monitored the new presidential rest in the Al-Maamoura area of Alexandria, with the aim of assassinating the political leadership, in September 2017.

In August 2019, the movement claimed responsibility for the incident at the Oncology Institute, which was carried out by a car bomb and speeding across Nile Corniche Street in front of the Oncology Institute of the District of The Police Department of Sayyida Zainab, which collided with three cars, resulting in the death of 20 citizens and the injury of 36 others, the burning of 10 cars, and the smashing of a number of windows of the building of the Institute of Oncology.
In Sinai, Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis emerged from the womb of another organization, Tawhid and Jihad, then announced its accession to ISIL and called itself Sinai State, an organization that systematically practices terrorism against law enforcement forces and was the cause of the bombing of the Russian plane in 2015, the massacre of al-Rawda mosque and carried out numerous attacks on churches.  

From the womb of the Rabaa armed sit-in, ansar al-Islam and al-Marabat, led by the terrorist Hisham Ashmawy, known as “Abu Omar al-Muhajir”, who joined the organization of the so-called “Ansar Beit al-Maqdis” terrorist group in 2013, and became the head of the training committee in the organization, and then in charge of the valley cells.

Abu Omar al-Muhajir was able to carry out several specific terrorist operations, such as the bombing of the headquarters of the Daqahlia Security Directorate in 2013, in which 16 people were killed, the Al-Farafra ambush massacre in 2014, cited by 21 soldiers, and the Third Arish massacre, where 29 individuals were martyred.
However, Beit al-Maqdis’s alliance with ISIL, and the allegiance of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, prompted Ashmawi to declare his separation from the group and establish al-Mourabitoun.

A number of terrorist operations were launched inside Egypt across the western region.

Through a documentary film, the Brotherhood celebrated the former Egyptian thunderbolt officer, the founder of al-Morabitoun, international terrorist Hisham Ashmawy, who is currently in Egyptian custody, and his assistant, the dismissed officer, Imad Abdel Hamid, who was killed during the Oases attack in October 2017.

The Observatory stressed that the lack of accountability of the terrorist group brotherhood and the continued support of some countries encouraged them to plan for more of these sabotage operations, relying on changing these organizations names so that the parent group remains far from any accusation, and the cycle of violence expanded to include other countries such as Syria Libya, where the group found in Turkish military movements a bridge of communication between its elements and elements of other organizations under his banner supporting the new Ottoman caliphate  that Turkey is seeking to regain through its direct occupation of territory in Syria and Libya, and before that the establishment of Turkish military bases  in  Qatar.  

The Observatory stressed that the support of Turkey and Qatar to the Brotherhood violates paragraph 3(f) of General Assembly Resolution 15/210 of December 17, 1996, in which the Assembly asked all countries to take steps, by appropriate internal means, to prevent the financing of terrorists and terrorist organizations and to prevent such funding, whether directly or otherwise. Directly through or claiming organizations with charitable, social or cultural objectives, or also engaged in illegal activities such as arms and drug trafficking and extortion of funds, including the exploitation of persons for the purposes of financing terrorist activities, and, if the case warrants, considering particular the adoption of regulatory measures to prevent and counter the movement of funds suspected of terrorist purposes.

The international legislature also committed Member States to limit the flow of funds to terrorists by addressing the threat of terrorist financing domestically and globally to deprive terrorist networks of funding and safe haven, by strengthening their financial, financial and intelligence legal, law enforcement and judicial capabilities to combat terrorist financing to meet the challenges posed by terrorist financing to a serious threat to human rights.

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