Earlier in history, identity politics, with its different forms, has played a huge part in achieving political interests. In Turkey, the ottomans considered other races and ethnicities as inferior, using them to serve their interests. More emphatically, the federalists in the Ottoman Empire, driven by their Turkish nationalism, aimed to diminish and annihilate different nationalities and ethnicities through brutal and oppressive methods.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, national identity politics played a crucial role in Turkey, with the rising systematic violence against minorities, especially against Armenians and Kurds. This violent approach stems from “Turkification” policies that promote Sunni Turkish identity and deny minorities’ rights.
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