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Turkey’s Violations of International Law in Iraq

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Turkey’s violations, led by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, against Arab countries continue. Turkey continues its campaigns and armed attack on Iraq to reach an unprecedented depth in addition to establishing military bases to become part of Turkey’s strategy to expand militarily beyond its borders.

These interventions and military operations in Iraq have caused significant material and human damage, and these recent incursions by Turkey on Iraqi territory have been triggered by Baghdad, which has recalled Turkey’s ambassador to Iraq more than once since the Turkish military campaigns began.

Turkey also intervenes in the water affairs in Iraq, where it pumps the quantities of water that originate from its lands, by controlling it through several dams, the largest in Turkey is the Atatürk Dam on the Euphrates, which is the second-largest dam in the Middle East, and the most recent of which is the Ilisu Dam, which was opened in 2018, on the Tigris River. Media reports state that the construction of the dam led to a 60% decrease in Iraq’s share of the river’s water.

Every day, Turkey aspires to expand its political and security influence within Iraq. Turkey has wanted for years to become an important entity and with a significant role in the political scene in Iraq, not only Iraq but all Arab countries through its interventions and provocative actions against Arabs. Turkey, represented by Erdogan’s authority, tried to provoke many crises in Iraq on all aspects of security, economy and wealth, other than the crisis of building dams on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

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