The Dialog for Development and Human Rights Forum issued a report entitled “Challenges of the Climate Summit: COP27: Climate Justice and its Impact on Inclusive Development Processes – Pakistan/Darfur Region/Lake Chad Model” on Thursday, September 15, 2022 ; With the approach of the Climate Summit to be held in Egypt November this year, the report reviews the problem under consideration with regard to climate justice and the problem around accountability
The advanced northern countries are above the norm of global warming – and the developing southern countries are bearing all the costs; They are the most affected by climate change.
In this regard, human rights expert Saeed Abdul Hafez, president of the Forum for Dialog, expressed his opinion on climate justice and the responsibility of developed countries to finance poor countries; He said: “Civil society organizations are looking forward to the fact that the parties participating in the COP27 climate summit can reach a fair, equitable and genuine agreement on the allocation of a budget from the North to be fulfilled towards the South; to help them implement mitigation and adaptation policies to climate change, especially in light of the escalation of disasters such as floods, fires, floods and others…”
Researcher Rawan Raouf ( Head of the Sustainable Development Unit in FDHRD) stressed the importance of reaching an agreement that will be implemented: “The time has come to overcome the permanent dispute between the North and the South about who will bear the costs; After all, according to scientific estimates, the advanced industrial countries account for the bulk of the world’s emissions; We therefore hope that an agreement will be reached at the COP27 climate summit that will be implemented and not only as recommendations, as was the case at previous climate summits; Time is running out for us, and disasters are close to all nations. We also look forward to a fair agreement, despite the rivalry among major economic powers such as the United States, China and Russia; Conflicts must be put aside and the interest of our planet must be heeded .”
The report reviewed three living models of the impact of climate justice on development processes and its role in the stabilization; as in Pakistan, which is being hit by unprecedented floods that have displaced many of its citizens, destroyed infrastructure and homes, and scattered families; Despite the fact that Pakistan’s responsibility for carbon emissions is only 1% compared to the rest of the world, especially the industrialized countries, it is still the country that pays the price of climate change, as it is the most vulnerable and least able to follow policies to limit and adapt to climate change due to lack of funding and support.
The report reviewed the situation of Lake Chad, which overlooks several countries, such as Chad, Nigeria, Niger, and Cameroon. It also reviewed the declining percentage of water in the lake, which is an important source of fresh water, fishing, and others; This has increased human competition for scarce resources; “It has also encouraged and strengthened armed terrorist groups such as Boko Haram, which means that a lack of climate justice can foster terrorism, insecurity and instability.”
The report concluded with several recommendations that must be taken into consideration at the COP27 climate summit. In this regard, the human rights expert (Saeed Abdel Hafez) expressed his hope and confidence in the Egyptian negotiators and his ability to bring the parties together, overcome all challenges, and reach a fair and enforceable agreement for all parties.